Manipur Merger Agreement 1949 (Full Text)

Manipur was annexed to the Union of India in 1949. All along the Government of India stays adamant that the decades-old armed movement as a law and order situation, as an internal affair that should be controlled and abolished. It is amazing how a colonised people can become a coloniser just after the departure of the original colonialists. In the brouhaha, a lot of natives, with their indecision about taking a political stand on an individual level, annd the ethnic animosity and ceaseless social unrests on a societal level have been utilised optimally by those who are involved in the glorious project of Indian nation-building processes. But the truth cannot be hidden, as in we cannot fool all the people all the time. If India has the gut to admit its ignorance and arrogance, things would have been quite different; or maybe not, but as of now we are living in one of the darkest periods of history. Anyway, the following is the complete text of the Manipur Merger Agreement 1949 that was, with or without legitimacy, signed by a former king of Manipur, while he was kept under house arrest in Shillong.   


Subsequent to the Merger Agreement, the popularly elected Manipur Assembly adopted a few resolutions on 28 September 1949 that rejected the so-called agreement signed under duress. The following is a text of the resolution published by the Manipur State Press, G-100/ 14-10-49.

Proceedings of the 4th Sitting of the 3rd Session of the First Manipur State Legislative Assembly Assembled under the Provisions of the Manipur State Constitution Act, 1947.

The Assembly met in the Assembly Chamber in the Johnstone High School premises at 2:30 P.M on the 28th September, 1949.

The 4th sitting of the 3rd Session of the Manipur State Legislative assembly, held on 29-9-1949 resolved & adopted the following resolutions in protest against the Merger Agreement signed on 21st September 1949.

1. As per Adult-Franchise regulation, the General election held in June, 1948 of Manipur State Legislative Assembly had taken accord of the Law-orders, Administrations, Financial assessments, Foreign Affairs etc. of the then Maharaja of Manipur.

2. The State of Manipur will have no relations Foreign relation/ relation with Indian Govt. without any agreement signed with the MSLA though may it be the declaration of the then Maharaja.

3. The Ex-Maharaja Bodhachandra Singh under immense pressure and duress from Prakash Shah, Governor of Assam, V.P. Menon, Minister of State affairs, and Sardar Ballavai Patel was forced to sign the Merger Agreement on 21st September, 1949 at Shillong without any consignment from the Manipur State Legislative Assembly. The agreement is being dropped out by the M.S. Legislative Assembly, i.e., will not abide by the agreement.

Lastly, the Manipur State Legislative Assembly has taken the resolution that the Merger Agreement is totally dropped and that it will not consider such an agreement that had been signed where about.

P.B. Singh (MK Priyobrata)
Chief Minister
T.C. Tiankham
I.B. Singh (Arambam Ibotomcha)
Minister of Finance and Foreign Affairs
Dated, Imphal,
The 28th September, 1949



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